Defending an employment tribunal claim can be a daunting experience for employers in the UK. However, with careful preparation and a clear understanding of the process, you can effectively defend your case and protect your organisation’s interests. In this article, we will provide you with a guide on how to defend a typical employment tribunal claim in the UK.

  1. Understand the Claim – The first step in defending an employment tribunal claim is to fully understand the nature of the claim. Carefully review the claimant’s allegations, the relevant facts, and any supporting evidence. This understanding will help you formulate your defence strategy.
  2. Seek Legal Advice – It’s essential to consult with an experienced employment law solicitor or legal advisor as soon as you receive notice of a tribunal claim. They will provide you with expert guidance on your case, help you assess its merits, and develop a defence strategy tailored to your specific circumstances. This is where I can help – scroll to the bottom of this article…
  3. Gather Evidence – Building a strong defence requires collecting and preserving relevant evidence. This may include employment contracts, personnel records, emails, correspondence, witness statements, and any other documentation related to the case. Ensure that all evidence is well-organized and easily accessible.
  4. Response and Grounds of Resistance -You will need to submit a written response to the tribunal within the specified timeframe. This document is known as the “Response” or “Grounds of Resistance.” It should address each of the claimant’s allegations, stating whether you admit or deny them. Include all relevant facts and evidence that support your position.
  5. Witnesses – Identify potential witnesses who can testify on your behalf. These could be current or former employees, managers, or anyone with knowledge of the case. Ensure that witnesses are prepared to provide accurate and relevant testimony at the tribunal hearing.
  6. Early Conciliation – Before proceeding to a full tribunal hearing, consider engaging in early conciliation through the Advisory, Conciliation, and Arbitration Service (ACAS). This may lead to a settlement, saving time and resources. If a settlement is reached, ensure that it is legally binding.
  7. Preparation for the Hearing – Adequate preparation is critical. Review all documents, evidence, and witness statements. Work closely with your legal advisor to develop a strong argument. Familiarize yourself with the tribunal rules and procedures to ensure a smooth process on the day of the hearing.
  8. Tribunal Hearing – During the tribunal hearing, present your case, call witnesses, and cross-examine the claimant’s witnesses. Maintain professionalism and respect throughout the proceedings. Your legal advisor will guide you through the hearing process.
  9. Judgment – Following the hearing, the tribunal will issue a judgement. If the judgment is in your favour, the claim will be dismissed. If not, consider appealing the decision, but consult with your legal advisor first to assess the grounds for appeal.
  10. Costs and Settlement – If you succeed in defending an employment tribunal claim, you may be entitled to recover your legal costs from the claimant. Additionally, consider the possibility of negotiating a settlement at any stage of the process to avoid further legal expenses.


Defending an employment tribunal claim in the UK requires careful planning, legal expertise, and thorough preparation. By understanding the process, seeking legal advice, gathering evidence, and presenting a strong case, you can maximise your chances of a successful defence. Remember that early intervention and a proactive approach can often lead to favourable outcomes, and consulting with an experienced employment law solicitor is essential throughout the process. Tribunal claims and their outcomes are made public, so it is important you act now to protect your company reputation.

Need Help Defending an Employment Tribunal Claim?

I work for a company called Peninsula and we can provide a fixed-price to defend your business at an employment tribunal. Contact me to arrange a Teams call where you can meet myself and a colleague from the Tribunal Team. We will explain the process in a clear and understandable way. We will run you through how our service works and provide you pricing which can be made as monthly payments over a fixed term. Peninsula operates across the whole country, so can assist you wherever you are in the UK.

Categories: HR